Rajkot Municipal Corporation (RMC) has published the Final Answer Key for the post of Audit Clerk (Clerk Jr.) 2019, Check below for more details.
Cross-platform App Stores
The mobile app ecosystem isn’t limited with just the iOS and Android duo, a lot of app stores are still catering to Windows Phone and Symbian, among other platforms. The Amazon and Windows Phone app stores are the third and fourth by number of apps, with 400,000 and 340,000 applications respectively. Some stores, like Kongregate, have focused on the gaming market, while Opera offers cross-platform apps that also work in its web browser. A fair few of these also double as content stores, offering more than just apps but also music, wallpapers and other products.
Amazon team launched their own alternative app store for Android developers in 2011 and being a well-known brand has helped the company attract quite a lot of attention to it. The store features a smaller number of apps than some of the other competing stores, this is partly due to their moderation process which has to meet certain quality standards. They offer a free paid app or game every day which can generate a significant amount of exposure for the app developer, and personalized recommendations, customer reviews and 1-Click payment options mean users can find and install a developer’s app quickly and easily.
Amazon provides useful services for developers using their app store, such as: an app compatibility test that detects problems for developers automatically – the test will let developers know if their app is suitable for publishing or not; a cross-platform analytics service that analyses user engagement through active devices, sessions and retention; a reward program for developers called the Appstore Developer Select which offers free ad impressions, boosts customer acquisition through Amazon “coins” and offers 25% credit back when purchasing Amazon Web Services products. The company is positioned as one of the largest third-party alternative app stores and they allow for the distribution of developers’ apps in over 200 countries in online and mobile store formats.
Founded in 2004 by Ilja Laurs and based in California, GetJar has had over 2 billion apps downloaded since its inception; 3 million apps are downloaded every day. Additionally, over 395,000 developers have registered with the company to distribute their apps. The supported app platforms for developers are Android, the older Windows Mobile, and even iOS, (although Android is predominant here). Users can find a developer’s app through a series of categories and top and newer apps are displayed on the front page of the website-store.
On the developer side of things, there is no upfront cost and the requirements to get an app published are minimal. Developers have the ability to target any phone or platform as well, so there is a high degree of flexibility here. Specifically for developers looking to publish Android apps, there is the ability to grow in-app revenue through GetJar’s Offerwall system and the option of displaying App deals within an app and offering in-app discounts to re-engage existing users or acquire new ones. GetJar claims to reach over 200 million Android users too – developers can target this audience with free cross-promotion and the company’s proprietary Behavioral Targeting technology. They are positioned as one of the largest alternative app stores out there at the time of writing.
The Opera Mobile Store was launched in 2011 and followed the success of Opera Mobile that launched long ago in 2000. The company’s popular store boasts support for multiple app formats: Android, Java, iOS, Windows Mobile and provides 170,000 apps and games for 6,000 different mobile phone models. The front of the website-store features the most popular apps, new paid and free software that has just been released and software that has been updated recently. The apps are split into key categories like Business and Finance, Games, Multimedia, Communication and more.
App or game developers can sign up for a developer account which allows them to publish their apps to multiple different formats; a promotional platform is also part of this free account. The store’s large range of supported app formats coupled with the fact a developer’s app can be distributed to 230 countries, means the platform is positioned as one of the leading places for a developer to reach specific local markets – this is ideal then for a developer who has created an app with a definite market in mind. A new blog has also launched on the store that offers guidance, insight and rewards for new developers with interviews, app reviews, contests and more.
Appszoom – it provides databases of both Android and iPhone apps since 2009, the store gets 7,000 apps tested annually to provide its users the best experience to use apps free of malware. It offers premium profiles to app developers to get more awareness for their apps. The site owners claims it has 3 million unique visits monthly.
Appolicious – it is one of the most established third-party app stores, in operation since 2009. In 2010 it partnered up with Yahoo! to provide high quality iOS app suggestions. It owns androidapps.com directory to cover Android apps within the same framework.
NexVa – a multi-platform app store that also offers a white label product for mobile operators, OEMs and companies from multiple business verticals. It also works with affiliates to drive traffic via CPI and advertising solutions, as well as proprietary API to support in-app and subscription monetization of developers apps through mobile money transactions. Each app profile provides an app description, rating, screenshots, supported platform and review section.
Kongregate – the app store is popular and famous for its selection of Flash-powered games, this store continues that tradition in offering video games for the mobile web (and thus mostly cross-platform).
Appland – both an app store and an app-store manager, allowing you to create your own. Uploading applications is free, and will showcase your apps on the stores maintained by other devs. Pre-installed on operator 3 mobiles.
Itch.io – an app store that is intended to be used by both game developers and gamers, this is a free and paid-for indie games store that covers all platforms. Has a very large choice, and also has sections for game assets, development tools and books.
Top App Stores for iOS
In a contrast with Google’s Android open model, Apple Inc. has established its App Store ecosystem as a closed, moderated platform that implies having a single app store only – the App Store, that by January of 2017 boasted 2.2 billion iOS apps. The app store online version users can find the same library of apps they can install via the iOS App Store app, after they find them via Google / Bing search engine search. The other distinctive feature of the Apple’s iOS ecosystem has been locking iOS driven devices (iPhones and iPads) with specific mobile operators. Since the early days if iOS multiple alternative iOS app stores have popped up that required jail-breaking and unlocking devices to be able to install iOS apps outside the Apple’s official App Store. As of 2017 only a handful such app stores exist and the data points to describe each are scarce.
App Store – Apple’s official iOS application store and this is the only source of the Apple’s editors team reviewed apps for iOS running devices such as iPhone and iPad. The current app review time process on average takes about a day. The overall number of apps, iPad and iPhone combined, is over 2.2 million, the total number of downloads for iOS apps from July 2008 to June 2017 – over 180 billion. The number of apps on the App Store has grown from 5,000 in summer of 2008 on its launch to 2.2 million on January of 2017.
Cydia – unofficial iOS app store that is only available to users with ‘jailbroken’ iOS devices. Most apps are offered for free, but there are also paid apps. Claims over 4.5 million weekly users.
BlackBerry OS App Stores
The fifth-biggest store by number of apps, with 130,000, the Blackberry is facing tough times: recently, both Facebook and Whatsapp said their apps would no longer be supported on the Blackberry OS. If you want your apps to be usable on the RIM-brand phones, you’ll need to go through these two stores.
BlackBerry World – the official App Store for the BlackBerry platform. Newer phones, however, use the Google Play Appstore, though BlackBerry World is also linked to the Amazon app store now.
Manufacturer-specific App Stores
Following the brilliant example set by Apple with its App Store as a part of a company ecosystem that helps to lock in its customers into a single platform to provide them the best experience, leading smartphone and tablet manufacturers launched their own app stores. None of these stores is close in scale to the Apple’s App Store and Google’s Google Play, but nonetheless these companies app stores are from where millions Samsung, LG, Lenovo smartphone owners can download and install apps once they get their hands on the device.
Samsung Apps – the official Samsung Electronics app store for apps to run on Samsung Galaxy smartphones, Samsung Gear and Samsung featured phones. It’s available in 125 countries and offers apps that can be run on Android, Windows Mobile and Bada mobile operating systems.
LG Smart World – the official app store run by manufacturer LG. It offers Android apps to run on mobile devices and LG smart TVs.
Huawei – Huawei official app store that hosts both games and apps, as well as offers own Cloud storage solution.
Top China App Stores
Thanks to a fast economic growth and equally fast mobile technology adoption, in today’s global mobile app economy China mobile market plays a major role. In the fall of 2016 it outpaced US in terms of the App Store iOS app revenue. But on the Android frontier, in a situation when Google Play Market is banned in China, Chinese local giants such as Tencent with its MyApp marketplace that currently holds 25% of the Android OS market in China. 360 Mobile Assistant from Qihoo 360 with almost 15% and hardware giant Xiaomi with Xioami App Store that has more than 11%.
Top 10 Android App Stores Market Coverage in China, July 2017
Ranking Name Market Share
1 MyApp (Tencent) 25.5%
2 360 Mobile Assistant 14.8%
3 Xiaomi App Store 11.5%
4 Baidu Mobile Assistant 11.5%
5 Xiaomi Game Center 10.3%
6 Huawei App Market 10.2%
7 OPPO App Store 7.2%
8 Sogou Mobile Assistant 4.4%
9 PP Mobile Assistant 3.6%
10 Google Play Store 3.6%
Antony Chang of AppInChina has to say this about the current state of the app’s market in China:
“The Chinese app market’s continuous growth has led to numerous changes over the past few years and we should expect this wave of change to continue through 2018. The most likely changes to keep an eye out for will be continued app store consolidation (Alibaba/Tencent acquiring independent stores), tightening app regulations (local government requiring more documentation) and Google’s re-entry into China (China-specific version of the Google Play Store in partnership with a local tech company).”
All in all, the market for apps in China is huge and should be part of any mobile app strategy. Here are the major app stores in China to consider.
MyApp from Tencent – currently the biggest app store in China, it holds around a quarter of the Chinese Android apps market. One of the features that makes it different from app developers experience with any Western app store is that with MyApp they need to submit a Software Copyright Certificate along with an app for the Copyright Protection Center of China to review and approve and only than the app can be accepted to the store.
360 Market – One of the biggest app stores in China, it claims to have over 600k apk app files, 275 million active mobile and 457 million desktop users, 30 billion downloads. Its development program is also one of the best-translated, the store boasts MD5 detection to provide anti piracy protection.
Baidu – China’s main search engine also has an app store and developer tools, and has recently launched an English-language version. One of the key advantages, beyond size, is that apps are displayed as results by the search engine.
PP Assistant – Android and iOS app store from the Chinese tech giant Alibaba. The store also hosts jailbreaking software for iOS and a news section.
HiMarket – an app store from the Chinese leading Search Engine Baidu.
Oppo Software Store – an app store from BBK Electronics, provides both mobile hardware and software. An app submission to the store implies Software Copyright Certificate submission process.
AppChina – Discovery engine, it recommends apps depending on the users location and preferences. Has 30 million users, but no English version.
Have we missed a store you believe should be on the list? Let us know! For more ways to distribute
Post: Audit Clerk (Clerk Jr.)
Exam was held on 30-06-2019
Final Answer Key: Click Here