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Saturday, November 21, 2020

Common eye diseases and their treatment Read more information



The eye is called the precious gem of the body. Only with the eye can we see and enjoy this beautiful world. But like other organs of the body, the eye can also be affected by various ailments. Here we will discuss some common eye ailments.

BLEPHARITIS

It is a non-infectious disease caused by bacteria, dandruff, acne, allergies, psoriasis. Symptoms include swollen eyelids, redness of the eyelids, sticking out of the eyelids, inflammation of the eyes, light intolerance, blurred vision, watery eyes, and drooping or drooping of the eyelids. The disease most often occurs simultaneously in both eyes. Home remedies include rinsing the eyes with warm water, shaking with a warm cloth, washing face and hair with anti-dandruff shampoo, wiping off makeup before going to bed, and avoiding allergens. If there is a disease like diabetes, acne, or psoriasis, to control them with proper treatment. If the pain or swelling increases. Blisters or blisters on the eyelids. If the vision becomes blurred and home remedies do not seem to be beneficial, an eye specialist should be consulted immediately.

CATARACT

In this disease, blurring of the eyelids causes blurred vision. The disease is usually more likely to occur with age, but can often be caused by a genetic cause, an injury, drugs such as steroids, or an illness such as diabetes in young children and young people. Symptoms of this disease include whitening of the eyelids, blurred vision, intolerance to light, difficulty seeing at night, frequent change of spectacles, difficulty in walking up and down and parking. It may not be possible to prevent the disease completely, but a healthy lifestyle such as a nutritious diet, regular exercise, a sedentary lifestyle, the use of sunglasses, proper treatment of diseases like diabetes and regular intake of antioxidants can prevent the onset of the disease to some extent. After the onset of the disease, a bad eyeball is surgically removed and replaced with an artificial eyeball.

CONJUNCTIVITIS

This disease causes redness and swelling of the eyes due to an infection, injury, allergy, or something falling in the eye. Inflammation, pain, itching, or tingling in the eyes. Waterfalls from the eye. Intense light is not tolerated and blurred vision is felt. Sometimes the eyelids stick together due to the vaccine coming from the eye. The disease usually occurs in both eyes simultaneously. The home treatment for this disease is to shake with cold water if there is itching or swelling and shake with warm water if there is pain or vaccine. Clean the eyelids with warm water and do not scratch the eye. Avoid direct contact with the patient to prevent the spread of the disease. Items of the patient's personal use should be kept separate and hands should be washed frequently. The disease usually goes away in 8 to 10 days but if the pain or swelling increases, there is a lot of vaccination, blisters, or sores on the eyelids and there is no benefit from home treatment, consult a doctor.

CORNEAL ULCERS

Injuries or infections in the eye, excessive rubbing of the eyes, ultraviolet rays or welding lights, contact lenses, chemical leaks, dry eyes, or objects falling into the eye can cause corneal erosion, which can sometimes lead to corneal ulcers. The disease usually affects people who wear contact lenses and work in dust, debris, or wind. Symptoms include watery eyes, intolerance to light, redness of the eyes, blurred vision, and squinting. Patients with the possibility of corneal ulcers should keep their eyes completely closed, not scratching the eyes, not wearing contact lenses, rinsing the eyes with clean water, and wearing goggles. Consult a doctor immediately if there is a bite or fall in the eye, pain is increasing, the vaccine is coming out of the eye or vision is getting blurred.

CHALAZION / STYE

Dandruff is a very common eye disease. Dry skin, acne, lack of hygiene, eye makeup, stress, and hormonal problems are more likely to cause this disease. The disease is characterized by a lump-like lump on the eyelid, inside or outside, which causes pain, swelling, inflammation, watering, and vaccination in the eye.

Signs such as itching, blurred vision are seen. Home remedies include hot shakes and frequent cleansing of the eyes with clean water. A specialist doctor should be consulted if there is increased pain or swelling, vaccination, fever, blurred vision, and frequent blindness.

REFRACTORY DISORDERS

There are two types of visual impairment:

 

HYPERMETROPIA

Such patients have to wear plus a number of glasses. Such people can see distant things well but they have trouble seeing things. That is why the glasses with positive numbers are known as near glasses. Such a number of glasses need to be worn forever. So that the eye is not stretched and the headache does not occur. If young children do not wear such glasses, in the long run, their eyesight may be impaired and their eyes may be irritated.

MYOPIA

Such patients have to wear minus numbered glasses. Such people can see the near object well but they have difficulty in seeing the distant object...

 One of the reasons for the minus number of glasses is to have an eye larger than normal.

 Therefore, those who have a minus number from an early age can increase the number of glasses along with physical development. This number usually stabilizes between the ages of 15 and 20. Those who have more than number-3 have weak and thin eyelids. 

Such a patient should have his eyelids checked regularly.

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